The parts and the whole

Under this title, borrowed from the biography of the physician W. Heisenberg, we started NoAnalitzeu (see Analysing Reality) at Nollegiu bookshop, on the 10th of May as planned.

The first session is a story through five stages reflecting the changes in our approach to reality as a culture (as a social paradigm, using the words of F. Capra).

A story beginning with the happy organic cosmovision, where everything fits in a universe full of fear and magic (then the fears are still there and the magic becomes partly religion), explaining all the unknown. N. Postman defines this age as the tool using-culture: tools just solve specific and urgent problems, without questioning the beliefs.

16th century is the beginning of the end for this naïve vision, and little by little the idea of modern science strengthens. A science whose main goal is the reduction of uncertainty by the means of the scientific method. These are the first steps of the technocratic culture, where tools (technology) fight for a central room in the configuration of society. Since those days and up to the 20th century, science has the leading role in the great advances in human life conditions and strengthen the scientific paradigm as a framework of knowledge and society.

The exhaustion of the model is reached by several ways. Scientific method comes upon with the limits that question a unique certainty and also with the limits of the path started with the partition of the complex problems in smaller and simpler parts. Mathematics and physics on one side, and biology on the other side, begin to change things up.

The arrival of complexity (uncertainty) and the verification of hte illusion of objectivity (also in science) will do the rest. In the meanwhile, technocratic culture has given birth to tecnopoly. Technical calculus is beyond common sense, subjectivity is an obstacle to get on and efficiency is the main goal of tools, already settled in the centre of the social organization.

Two quotes from Jung and Harpur give us an idea of everything we lost on our trip, in spite of the obvious progress: the lost of the sacred sense and the scientifism mixing up the map of the world drawn by science with the world itself.

We reach thus systemic paradigm. A proposal to approach complex reality with humility, a framework to tackle the challenges we face as human kind.

To follow the story, we used the following map, generated with Kumu.


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